“I’m depressed!!!” – that’s what people very often say when they’re in a bad mood or haven’t had a good day or two! And they don’t even wonder what depression is. And they don’t know what some doctors prescribe:

So, let’s take a closer look at what depression is and what to do about it?

In the consolidated encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the following definition is given. Depression (from Latin Deprimo – “to crush”, “to suppress”) is a mental disorder, the main signs of which are a decrease in mood and a decrease or loss of the ability to enjoyment (anhedonia).

World Health Organization review.

Depression is common

throughout the world, with more than 300 million people estimated to suffer from it. Depression is different from normal mood changes and short-term emotional reactions to problems in everyday life. Depression can be a serious health disorder, especially if it is prolonged and takes a moderate to severe form. It can lead to significant distress and poor functioning at work, school, and in the family. In the worst cases, it can lead to suicide.

Given the prevalence of the problem and the disappointing statistics, it has even been decided to add an International Day Against Depression to the calendar of holidays, which is held on March 24.

Depression is a common mental illness characterized by persistent despondency and loss of interest in things that people usually enjoy, accompanied by an inability to perform everyday activities for 14 days or more.

The typical (basic) symptoms of depression include:

Depressed mood, independent of circumstances, for an extended period of time (two weeks or more);

anhedonia – loss of interest or pleasure from previously pleasant activities;

pronounced fatigue, “loss of energy”, characterized by the stability of this condition (e.g., for a month).

Additional symptoms:


feelings of guilt, uselessness, anxiety and/or fear;

low self-esteem;

Inability to concentrate and make decisions;

thoughts of death and/or suicide;

Unstable appetite; marked weight loss or gain;

glycogeusia (a condition characterized by the appearance of a sweet taste in the mouth without a corresponding stimulus)

Disturbed sleep, the presence of insomnia or oversleeping.

In addition, people with depression are usually characterized by some of the following signs: loss of energy, changes in appetite, decreased concentration, indecision, agitation, feelings of worthlessness, guilt or hopelessness.

So what should you do if you find yourself showing signs of a depressive disorder?

The answer is obvious, see a doctor! And not just to a therapist, but to a psychotherapist or psychiatrist. Unfortunately, for fear of being stigmatized, many people with mental disorders do not seek treatment. People are afraid of being prescribed antidepressants and their side effects; some believe that it is up to them to keep their emotions in check, not their doctor; there are also fears that mentioning a case of depression will end up in their medical records and somehow become known to their employer; finally, some fear being referred to a psychiatrist for treatment.

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